Dessert and wine grape varieties have already been created, as well as varieties suitable for organic farming, Ivanov added. Organic farming cannot be done with unsuitable varieties and without prior knowledge. A problem in the industry is that not enough control is exercised, and requirements are not always met, he explained.
According to the expert, Bulgarian specialists are working on crossing interspecific hybrids with European grape vines. “We have created a gene pool of varieties that should be given priority in the future,” he said, stressing that Bulgarian scientists do not use GMOs, but use classical crossbreeding methods – a slower and more difficult process, but without any risks to humans.